Eye Health and Exams

What is a Comprehensive Eye Exam?

Unlike a basic eye check-up, a comprehensive eye exam involves a thorough, detailed examination of your eyes and visual abilites. During the exam Dr. Grossett will ask you about your medical history, family history, medications you may be taking and your personal lifestyle. All of these are elements that can affect your vision. The comprehensive eye exam includes a number of tests to assess your overall eye health. At Eyes in the ‘Burg, we have top-of-the-line medical equipment and cutting-edge technologies that enable us to provide you with the best quality of care that you and your family deserve.

An essential part of any comprehensive eye exam is a refraction test, or as it is more commonly called, a basic vision test. This gives the doctor an idea of what kind of prescription you may need. The refraction test is simple: the patient looks through a special device called a Phoropter, focusing towards an eye chart. Dr. Grossett will test different lenses to see which ones provide your best vision potential.

How long does a comprehensive Eye exam take?

Due to the meticulous detail taken for your eye care, a comprehensive eye exam can take up to one hour. It’s a complete workup of your visual health, so that Dr. Sandra Grossett can make sure your vision is at its best, helping you enjoy life to the fullest.

Contact Lens

Vision is an important aspect of your health and can have an enormous impact on the quality of life. Taking care of your eyes is paramount. Start by seeing an eyecare professional who can assess your medical, as well as specific lifestyle needs and can provide the highest quality contact lenses available that meets those needs and maximizes your vision.

Contact lenses are prescription medical devices that are fit with a number of factors in mind. In order to decide which option is best for you, your doctor will consider your needs based on your vision, prescription, eye health and lifestyle requirements. At Eyes In The ‘Burg, we’ll educate you on lens types and recommend choices that are best for you. Different wearing schedules for contact lens replacement are available to suit any lifestyle demand. Contact lens training is paramount to safely and effectively maintain your eye health and will be given at your evaluation.

Contact lenses are a great alternative to wearing eyeglasses. An often unknown fact is that not all patients wear contact lenses as their primary source of vision correction. Each patient is different, with some patients wearing contact lenses only on weekends, special occasions or just for sports. That is the beauty of contact lens wear, the flexibility it gives each individual patient and their lifestyle.

If you decide to opt for contact lens wear, it is very important that the lenses fit properly and comfortably and that you understand contact lens safety and hygiene. A contact lens exam will include both a comprehensive eye exam to check your overall eye health, your general vision prescription and then a contact lens consultation and measurement to determine the proper lens fit.

At Eyes In The ‘Burg, we understand contact lenses are not for everyone. However, a wide variety of contact lens options are available, including, bifocal lenses and those that correct astigmatism. Contact us today to see if contacts are right for you.

The Importance of a Comprehensive Eye Exam
Whether or not you have vision problems, it is important to have your eyes checked regularly to ensure they are healthy and that there are no signs of a developing eye condition. A comprehensive eye exam will check the general health of your eyes as well as the quality of your vision. During this exam the eye doctor will determine your prescription for eyeglasses; however this prescription alone is not sufficient for contact lenses. The doctor may also check for any eye health issues that could interfere with the comfort and success of contact lens wear.
The Contact Lens Consultation

The contact lens industry is always developing new innovations to make contacts more comfortable, convenient and accessible. Therefore, one of the initial steps in a contact lens consultation is to discuss with your eye doctor some lifestyle and health considerations that could impact the type of contacts that suit you best.

Some of the options to consider are whether you would prefer daily disposables or monthly disposable lenses, as well as soft versus rigid gas permeable (RGP) lenses. If you have any particular eye conditions, such as astigmatism or dry eye syndrome, your eye doctor might have specific recommendations for the right type or brand for your optimal comfort and vision needs.

If you are over 40 and experience problems seeing small print, for which you need bifocals to see close objects, your eye doctor may recommend multifocal lenses or a combination of multifocal and monovision lenses to correct your unique vision needs.

Type of Exams
Based on your specific case, the doctor may perform any of the following testing:

Visual Field

Your visual field is the area that you see while looking at a specific object. For example, when you look at a car, your eyes are focused on it, but you may also see things that surround the car, such as flowers on the ground or rain falling on the windshield. A visual field test examines your ability to see what is in this direct area. Certain eye conditions or neurological disorders can negatively impact your visual field.

Eye Pressure Test

A tonometry test, more commonly referred to as an eye pressure test, checks the amount of intraocular pressure (IOP) in your eye. Because a high level of pressure can be a sign of Glaucoma, the eye pressure test is an essential part of any comprehensive exam.

OCT Scan

Similar to a traditional CT scan, an OCT scan (Optical Coherence Tomography) checks for eye diseases by examining the layers of your retina and optic nerve. This test involves the use of a laser with light to provide the doctor with detailed, colored images of the retina. There is no radiation and the test is painless and non-invasive.

Corneal Topography

Corneal topography is a special technique that maps the cornea, the clear, front window of the eye. With a topography scan, the doctor can find distortions in the curvature of the corena, which is normally smooth and can help them to monitor eye disease.

Digital Retinal Imaging

Digital retinal imaging technology allows the doctor to check the health of your retina. The image is captured from a special digital camera. The camera takes a photo of the retina, which is located at the back of the eye, and stores the image electronically. This is crucial to your vision needs because the retina helps focus light that enters your eye and sends images to the brain, so that you can ultimately understand the things you see.

Refraction Exam

A refraction exam is considered a basic part of an eye and vision evaluation. Refraction is how you see things around you. When there is an imperfection in the refraction of your eye, it causes blurry vision. The two main vision problems from refractive issues are nearsitedness and farsightedness.

Visual Acuity

Visual acuity is the ability to see clear, sharp images from various distances. To test this skill, the doctor will instruct you to look at an eye chart in various types of bright lighting. The smallest letters or numbers that you can clearly see determines your level of visual acuity.

Color Evaluation

A color evaluation tests the ability to differentiate between colors. It is usually done with the Ishihara color plates, a series of round circles with colored dots inside that form a number. The patient studies the image, either on paper or on a computer screen, and determines if they can clearly see the number. This is an important test because difficulty distinguishing between red and green is often a sign of color blindness.

Dark Adaptation Testing

Dark adaptation is our eyes’ ability to adjust from bright light to dark or dimly lit areas. Research shows this function is compromised from the earliest stages of AMD (Age-Related Macular Degeneration) and impairment increases as the disease progresses. Impaired dark adaptation indicates the presence of AMD at least three years before clinical signs are visible.